Estimating the Nature of Technological Change: Exploiting Shifts in Skill Use Within and Between Occupations (with Costas Cavounidis, Kevin Lang, and Raghav Malhotra) NBER Working Paper No. 29302. Submitted.
The impact of immigration on firms: evidence from the 2007 EU enlargement (with Silvia Vannutelli) Draft coming soon!
What are the labor market consequences of changing the legal status of the largest immigrant group in a country? We exploit the enlargement of the European Union in 2007 to study the consequences on the Italian labor market of the permanent legalization of immigrants from Romania and Bulgaria. We adopt an IV-DID design, combining the aforementioned natural experiment with variation in the growth of EU07 migrants across local labor markets, instrumented by the change in the share of migrants in a previous legalization episode. We use a unique administrative employer-employee dataset that covers the universe of private sector workers in Italy, to study firms' responses in terms of personnel choices, and how their productivity and investments are affected. We find short-lived effects (2 years) on firm-level employment: an increase for EU07 migrants, at the expenses of natives, accompanied by a rise in hirings and separations for the former, and a corresponding drop for the latter. We provide evidence that the findings are mainly driven by the migrants’ legal status change, rather than by the arrival of new workers in the country. We also observe a reduction in per-capita labor costs, revenues and operative added value, confirming that the effects are probably driven by the legalization of previously undocumented workers.
Education and skill investment (with Costas Cavounidis, César Garro-Marín, Kevin Lang, and Raghav Malhotra)
Bad Apple or Rotten Tree? The Relative Effects of Officers vs. Commanders on Police Complaints and Use of Force (with Andrew Bacher-Hicks and Elijah de la Campa)
The effect of Stop and Frisk on school choice and educational outcomes in NYC